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  • 100-199 CE
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The Divergent Tower

Xing Ruan

Xing Ruan was born in Kunming, China in 1965. He studied architecture, and currently is Guangqi Chair Professor and Dean at the School of Design, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China. He was Professor of Architecture at Sydney’s University of New South Wales (2004–20). His previous books include: Fusheng Jianzhu [Floating Life and Architecture 浮生·建筑], 2020; Allegorical Architecture, 2006; New China Architecture, 2006; Hand and Mind, 2018; Topophilia and Topophobia, 2007. He is co-editor, with Ronald Knapp, of the book series Spatial Habitus: Making and Meaning in Asia’s Architecture. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Confucius’ Courtyard : Architecture, Philosophy and the Good Life in China

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2022

Book chapter

...From approximately 200 BCE to 200 CE, the Chinese, confined in their courtyards, were allured by the thrill of capacious space beyond. The emperors sought immortality, and the illiterate populace dreamed of eternal justice, both...