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  • 500-999 CE
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Russia, 988–1475

Christopher Tadgell

Christopher Tadgell is an independent architectural historian based in Kent, England, UK, and author of Routledge’s seven-volume ‘Architecture in Context’ series. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Sir Banister Fletcher’s Global History of Architecture Volume 1

© the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) and the University of London, 2019

Sir Banister Fletcher chapter

...Slavic tribes – threatened by Huns, Avars and Turks – accepted protection from Vikings (Rus’), whose forts, notably in Novgorod and Kiev, protected river trade between the Black Sea and Baltic. Oleg of Novgorod took Kiev in 882 and traded...