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The Holy Land (Israel/Palestine/Lebanon/Jordan) and Crusader States, 1095–1489

Denys Pringle

Denys Pringle is Emeritus Professor in the School of History, Archaeology and Religion at Cardiff University, Wales, UK. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Sir Banister Fletcher’s Global History of Architecture Volume 1

© the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) and the University of London, 2019

Sir Banister Fletcher chapter

...After the fall of Jerusalem to the First Crusade (1095–99) – which was launched by Pope Urban II to protect the Christians of the eastern Mediterranean from the Seljuq Turks – a Kingdom of Jerusalem and other dependent western Christian...