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Heaven and What Is Below

Xing Ruan

Xing Ruan was born in Kunming, China in 1965. He studied architecture, and currently is Guangqi Chair Professor and Dean at the School of Design, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China. He was Professor of Architecture at Sydney’s University of New South Wales (2004–20). His previous books include: Fusheng Jianzhu [Floating Life and Architecture 浮生·建筑], 2020; Allegorical Architecture, 2006; New China Architecture, 2006; Hand and Mind, 2018; Topophilia and Topophobia, 2007. He is co-editor, with Ronald Knapp, of the book series Spatial Habitus: Making and Meaning in Asia’s Architecture. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Confucius’ Courtyard : Architecture, Philosophy and the Good Life in China

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2022

Book chapter

...Both the Mediterranean and the Chinese, to different degrees, were distracted by the regularity and the beauty of the heavenly dome. This chapter begins with the unique character of celestial underpinning of the Chinese courtyard...