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The Middle East, 1830–1914

Mohammad al-Asad

Mohammad al-Asad is Founding Director of the Center for the Study of the Built Environment (CSBE) in Amman, Jordan. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Sir Banister Fletcher’s Global History of Architecture Volume 2

© the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) and the University of London, 2019

Sir Banister Fletcher chapter

...The Middle East is defined by Turkey (north), Iran (east), Arabian Peninsula (south), and Egypt (west). Between lies the ‘Fertile Crescent’, including modern-day Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, Jordan and Israel/Palestine. From 1830 to 1914...