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Retrofitting Strategies and Technologies

Energy Efficient Office Refurbishment

Earthscan, 2001

Book chapter

0

... 3 Retrofitting strategies and technologies 3.1 INTRODUCTION The designers of a refurbishment are in an excellent position to improve the environmental performance of a building. Sections 3.2 to 3.8 describe the opportunities for passive...

Orme: Office Rating Methodology for Europe

Energy Efficient Office Refurbishment

Earthscan, 2001

Book chapter

0

... DEM ORME: Office rating methodology for Europe 6.1 WHAT IS A RATING METHODOLOGY? strategy improves the building in all aspects. It is however possible, using modern tools, to rank buildings according to Rating or ranking techniques...

Climate area 1 — Northern Europe Introduction

Energy Efficient Office Refurbishment

Earthscan, 2001

Book chapter

0

... Climatic Area 1 — Northern Europe — Introduction — The zones included in the north European fringe are subject to highest cloud cover and frequency of fog. Winds (south and the influence of air masses from the north, typically...

Climatic Area 2 — Continental Europe Introduction

Energy Efficient Office Refurbishment

Earthscan, 2001

Book chapter

0

... Climatic Area 2 — Continental Europe — Introduction — The Continental climate is characterized by low precipitation, begins quite late, and spring is particularly short, in some with annual thermal swings becoming more pronounced...

Design Standards

Energy Efficient Office Refurbishment

Earthscan, 2001

Book chapter

0

... 4 Design standards Each country has its own standards, and in this Handbook we contaminant source strengths. Most of them propose spe­ cannot give specific country details. Presented below are some cific air flow rates, or air change...

Introduction

Energy Efficient Office Refurbishment

Earthscan, 2001

Book chapter

0

... — 1 — Introduction 1.1 EUROPEAN OFFICE BUILDINGS tenants, refurbishment providing an alternative to demolition and construction of a new building. From a wide environmen­ Office buildings provide the working environment for a large tal...

Design Tools

Energy Efficient Office Refurbishment

Earthscan, 2001

Book chapter

0

... 5 Design tools 5.1 THE NEED FOR DESIGN TOOLS IN LOW i s s u e : t h e o v e r a l l e n e r g y D EM AN D OF A BU ILD IN G ENERGY REFURBISHMENT Output could be given in net or gross energy demand, as energy demand per year, month...

Office Buildings in Europe

Energy Efficient Office Refurbishment

Earthscan, 2001

Book chapter

0

... Figur Figur Office buildings in Europe 2.1 OFFICE BUILDING TYPOLOGIES • cellular organization of ‘rooms’ along a linear corridor, either single or double-sided; 2.1.1 The historical evolution • module of inner partitioning determined...

Climatic Area 4 — Mediterranean Introduction

Energy Efficient Office Refurbishment

Earthscan, 2001

Book chapter

0

... Climatic Area 4 — Mediterranean Introduction The area’s climate, which is representative of the entire Medi- site. Wind flow is also influenced by topography; the terrain terranean fringe, is characterized by hot, dry summers, mild...

Climatic Area 3 — Mid-European Introduction

Energy Efficient Office Refurbishment

Earthscan, 2001

Book chapter

0

... Climatic Area 3 — Mid-European Introduction The zones included in the mid-European fringe are character­ also relatively small. The almost constant influence of humid ized by an oceanic climate throughout, with slight variation maritime...